Overtraining and Adaption

How to approach training

Adaptation

This is when we develop our capacities to training – the physical ability to perform the task e.g. performing on the track. This is the role a strength an d conditioning coach might play in this area of training

Every training program must incorporate parts of the adaptation process. For example the off season is when you would include a majority of the “load” this load period would be less prominent during the competitive season. There is however still a need to improve these capacities during the season, this “load” would be reduced.

Application

This is where physical capabilities are transferred into qualities in the competitive area. E.g. In sprinters we develop triple extension strength and power in the adaptation phase, but it is in this application phase where you can translate these movements into acceleration etc

Preparation

This may involve a traditional warm up, but this should also include mental and emotional preparation

Regeneration

This is both physical and psychological. This encompasses nutrition, hydration, sleep, physio (massage, dry needling, mobilization), as well as planned reductions in training volume.

The key to training is getting this balance right, if it is imbalanced it can be the detrimental to the athletes performance and result in under development or overtraining.

E.g. if there is a heavy load period in adaptation phase then this must be accompanied by an increase in the regenerative process to prevent overtraining. On the other hand if there is too much regeneration from work not completed then the athlete will be under prepared.  Speak to your health professional regarding the demands of your training to ensure you are adequately prepared for your marathon, football season or that game of golf.

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